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3 Common Eye Conditions in Women

Jun28

As a women ages, it is a good idea to have an understanding of common eye conditions. Statistics show that women are more affected by several eye conditions and more prone to eye disease than men. Diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration are just a few of the conditions a woman may face as she gets older.

While a healthy diet can prevent some of these conditions, it is very helpful to have an understanding of diseases and conditions in order to maintain good vision.

Cataracts

The most common condition older women are likely to experience are cataracts. This is the leading cause of blindness in the world. What cataracts do is cloud the eye’s typical clear lens. This leads to difficulty seeing and ultimately blindness in severe cases. The signs of this condition are cloudy or blurred vision. Glare, less vivid colors, and poor night vision are a couple more of the symptoms often reported by those with cataracts.

While the cause is still unknown, the condition can be treated with surgery. The treatment works by removing and replacing the eye lens with an implant. This surgery improves sight in 95% of patients and is very effective. Some ways to prevent cataracts are by quitting smoking, wearing protective sunglasses, and incorporating fish into a healthy diet.

Glaucoma

The second cause of blindness in the U.S is glaucoma. Women are much likelier than men to develop this problem. The condition occurs when pressure in the eye is abnormally high and damages the optic nerve.

While this sounds painful, it typically cannot be felt. The symptoms include loss of peripheral vision, nausea, and blurred vision. While pressure in the eye is the number one cause, some people get the condition from gene mutations. Medications that are known to raise eye condition can also make somebody at a higher risk.

The treatment includes prescription eye drops that will be needed throughout a woman’s entire life. Surgery may also be a consideration for severe cases. This condition can be avoided by visiting the optometrist regularly for eye exams.

Macular Degeneration

This condition is responsible for gradually destroying central vision. This is the part of sight that aids women to read and drive. The condition deteriorates the central part of the retina, which is responsible for recognizing fine details. Macular degeneration is the number one cause of vision loss in women over the age of 40 in the U.S.

The symptoms are almost invisible at first, with haziness and color perception gradually changing. Special supplements and zinc may be prescribed to help slow the progression of diagnosed women. The best preventive steps to take are including at least two servings of fish a week into a balanced diet. Exercising regularly can also help reduce the risk of macular degeneration.

Maintaining healthy vision is important for women to continue doing the things they love. Driving and reading can become difficult or impossible if any of the above conditions occur. Trying preventative measures will help reduce the risk of eye conditions drastically.

Sara Roberts writes for Just Eyewear, a discount eyeglasses and prescription sunglasses online retailer.

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